In 1492, there were 28 million Native people in what would become the U.S. By the 19th century, there were only 250,000 Native people left. As of the 2010 Census, there are 5.2 million American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States, making up 1.7% of the population. There are 565 federally-recognized tribes, the biggest of which are the Cherokee, Navajo, and Choctaw.
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