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Healing Turtle Island

Ceremony of Reconciliation Brings Hope


"Charlie​ ​Morris, pastor of Fort ​​Washington Collegiate Church, called the ceremony 'an event of truth, of reconciliation, of justice, and of healing. On this day, the Collegiate Church acknowledges publicly the role it played in the oppression of the Lenape people​​​​​​​.'


A representative of the Collegiate Church and a representative of the Lenape tribe exchanged strings of wampum to represent the start of a new relationship. Hope for the future was represented by an exchange of traditional necklaces between Jared, a child of the Lenape tribe, and Sophia, a child of the Collegiate Church. Following the ceremony, guests and participants were invited to eat together as the first act of friendship in the new fellowship between the Lenape and the Collegiate Church.

Ron Holloway, chairman of the Sand Hill band, affirmed the power of the event and the promise it creates for healing and better relationships in the future.


​"I watched our elders, who thought they'd never see anything like this in their lifetime, and they were crying. I looked over there and I saw the young people, the next generation, and thought, 'This is really good. We needed to do something like this​.' It restores my faith in humanity. I think it goes a long way towards getting rid of tribalism, nationalism...mankind has an opportunity to grow together the way it was originally intended by the Creator. This was a great step for religions of European descent to see that it's not us and them, it's just all of us."


A representative from each band of the Lenape tribe received a leather pouch containing a piece of delft, a wampum bead, a red cloth, and an unprocessed tobacco leaf to take back to their band as a symbol of the new and brighter chapter in the relationship between the Lenape and the Collegiate Church."


Healing Turtle Island

"The Collegiate Church, established in New Amsterdam in 1628, will hold a healing ceremony with representatives of the Lenape Indians on Friday, November 27, at 11 AM in the plaza on Bowling Green in front of the old U.S. Custom House (now the National Museum of the American Indian).  The date marks the first observance of Native American Heritage Day, as signed into law by President Obama in June. 'Turtle Island' is a common reference among Indian peoples for the land that European settlers called 'the new world.'

As the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson’s discovery [sic] of Manhattan draws to a close, the healing event offers a substantial peg for a story on Collegiate Church, the oldest surviving institution of New Amsterdam, and the Native Americans who met the Dutch settlers here. The ceremony marks a reconciliation between Collegiate Church and the Lenape, the result of two years of work and trust-building by Intersections, an inter-faith, inter-cultural initiative that is one of Collegiate’s five ministries. The ceremony has spiritual elements, on the part of both Collegiate and the Lenape, but is not, strictly speaking, a religious event.

As the 'company church' of the Dutch West Indies Company that made New Amsterdam a “company town,” Collegiate Church, speaking only for itself, wishes to acknowledge publicly the role it played in the cultural marginalization and physical dispersion of the Native Americans living here, slowly degrading them (in European eyes) from a people with their own culture and civilization to merely another resource.

The event site is near where the first Collegiate Church was raised in Fort Amsterdam. Surrounding the site are reminders the most enduring contribution by the Dutch to American civic life, an economic system built on Calvinist enterprise and laissez-faire capitalism, exemplified by the Beaux-Arts Custom House itself, Steamship Row, the Standard Oil building and Wall Street.

Native Americans were excluded from this feast, however, or were exploited by those who were admitted. Just across State Street from the event site is a monument to possibly the greatest misunderstanding by the Dutch of Native Americans, Peter Minuit’s so-called “purchase” of Manhattan in 1626 for 60 guilders’ worth of dry goods.  'Thus was laid the foundation of the City of New-York,' says the marker on the monument.

That is true, of course. But the Lenape did not have a concept of private ownership of land; likely, they believed that Minuit simply was thanking them for the aid they had given the Dutch settlers when they first started arriving here. However, the Dutch either did not know or did not care to know that fact and proceeded as though they had bought Manhattan outright. Four hundred years later, European arrival, settlement, and culture still dominate New York and America’s paradigm of history.

With no illusions about correcting past errors, Collegiate Church has determined to acknowledge its forebears’ short sightedness in the healing ceremony and move forward with new found care and respect for the Lenape and other Native Americans who respond to the church’s outreach. According to census figures, New York City has the largest number of self-identifying Native Americans living in an urban area, almost 90,000.

The ceremony will include prayers from both parties, music, symbolic exchanges, a statement of healing, adopted by the 57 member Consistory of the Collegiate Church as an official resolution and a response by representatives of the Lenape people and their kin. The event will conclude with a traditional fellowship meal and is open to the public. The story will be told by the people whose story it is, representatives of Collegiate Church and the Lenape."

The name Turtle Island comes from aboriginal creation stories. The continent was renamed North America for Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci. Native peoples of Turtle Island have mistakenly been called Indians because Christoper Columbus, lost, thought he was in India when he arrived in this hemisphere.

A​n historic event took place in lower Manhattan on November 27, 2009 just outside the National Museum of the American Indian near lower Broadway and Wall Street. The Collegiate Church of New York held an unprecedented Ceremony of Reconciliation with the Lenape, the first people Europeans met in North America. Lenape lands extend from New York to Eastern Pennsylvania, all of New Jersey, and into Delaware. See the maps below.

The Collegiate Church of New York, as the oldest corporation in North America, dating back to 1628, apologized to the Lenape in an attempt to forge a new relationship. The ceremony, called "Healing Turtle Island" after the Lenape name for North America, was held near Battery Park on the site of the first Collegiate Church, the colonial church of the Dutch West Indies Company, founded in the 1600s.

See the PDF: Healing Turtle Island: An Event of Cultural Reconciliation
See LËNAPE (DELAWARE) NATION and maps below​.

See About the Lenapes

Click the 3 graphics below to watch videos of the event.
Also see the 2 articles below the videos.

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